1979: Joe Clark leads the Progressive Conservative Party to power with 136 seats, defeating the Liberals under Pierre Trudeau with 114 seats, 26 NDP and 6 Social Credit. Clark loses to Trudeau in the election of February 1980.
1902: An earth tremor causes an explosion and blow-out at a coal mine in Fernie, B.C., killing 128 miners.
1939: Italy and Germany agree to a military and political alliance, which will later include Japan. Both sides were fearful and distrustful of the other, and only sketchily shared their prospective plans.