1976: An earthquake measuring between 7.8 and 8.2 on the Richter scale flattens Tangshan, a city in China with a population of about one million people. An estimated 242,000 people were killed, making the earthquake one of the deadliest in recorded history. The Chinese government, boasting self-sufficiency, refused all offers of foreign relief aid.
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1948: Maurice Duplessis reelected as Premier of Quebec, as his Union National Party wins 82 seats, against seven for the Liberals.
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1945: A U.S. military plane crashes into the Empire State Building, killing 14 people. The B-25 bomber was flying from New Bedford, Massachusetts, to LaGuardia Airport in New York City. As it came into the metropolitan area, the fog was particularly thick. Air traffic controllers instructed the plane to fly to Newark Airport instead. This new flight plan took the plane over Manhattan.